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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, November 1919"

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Copy from 

FILE 143 


II o v 3 n b e r, 


8, 1919. 

The Director, 
national Park err lee, 
Department of the Interior, 
ashing ton, D. . 

3 In 

The following la ny report on conditions In Yellow- 
stone National .ark and on the operation of the park for the 
month ef nor ember, 1919. 


Jht ex Crewe weather conditions that characterised 
October as e record breaking month continued with somewhat 
less sorority during the first two weeks of November, follow- 
ing this period there were ten days of bright, pleasant 
weather, with temperature above normal, causing a moderate 
daily increase In the snow eorering, until the 24th, an aver- 
age of 3.3 inches remained on the ground, while exposed 
places were entirely free from snow. A storm period began 
on the afternoon of the :ath and snow fell continuously, ex- 
cept for brief intervals, until the afternoon of December 
2d, producing 10*7 Inches of snow with a mawlmtsa depth of 
13.0 on the ground. The monthly mean tenperatnre of 23*2 
degrees with a departure of -6.1 degrees represents the cold- 
est November In 32 years with the exception of 1696 and 1911. 
The minima temperature of -19 degrees on the 27th has not 
been exceeded but twice in November during the period of 
record, -27 degrees being recorded in 1896 and -20 degrees 
in 1916. There were seven days with temperature below Zero. 
The greatest number previously recorded was 5 in 1911, while 
the average i ovenber has only 2 days with zero temperature. . 
The precipitation was light, there being less than the normal 
amount of snowfall, but the number of days on which a measur- 
able amount of snow fell was considerably above the nonol. 
The wind and the sunshine were about the average for Boveraber. 
The excessive sold and stores of October, and cold of : ovenber, 
eomlag so early, seemed to represent a greater amount of real 


winter than did the whole season of 1918-19; and it certainly 
caused more Inconvenience and suffering to everyone and every- 
thixyj: in and around the park than did all of last .-.-inter. 


The only road in the park which was practicable 
for motor transportation during the month was the five miles 
between Mammoth and the northern entrance, The road to 
Norrla and Canyon was kept open for sleighs, hut at tl es 
with considerable effort, and except for the fact that the 
concessioners /ere tanking Improvements at Canyon and Lake 
and were maintaining crews of men there, and that winter 
■applies had not been taken out for rangers and keepers, 
this would not have been considered worth the effort. The 
last sleigh to the Lake went out with rations for the winter, 
reaching there on November 5, returning to the Canyon the 
following day, The road as far as Canyon is still In use by 
Er. .'hittaker for hauling building material with sleighs, and 
he was permitted to r>lac© small limbs of trees on the bare 
places for about a mile la the vicinity of liorris Basin, so 
the sleighs would slip. The road to Tower Palls, Soda Butte 
and Cooke, was opei; for sleighs throughout the month. 

Visitors to the park were few, as will bo noted 
by the inclosed copy of the Chief Ranger's Report. "Those 
that registered only came as far as iiamraotb Hot Springs, to 
see the wild animals or on business. 

jabpx saSi ssasikL safial* 

There was no demand for labor in the park, as all 
improvement work under this office stopped in otober, and 
the concessioners who were making to)?rovements for next year 
had all the men they needed. Supplies, such as building 
material, lumber, etc., used by the concessioners for improve- 
ments to buildings, were scarce and high priced. Coal, for 
winter uee, was also scarce, and recently not in market at all, 
due to strike of ooal miners, alfalfa hay needed for feeding 
wild anlrwls Is limited in supply, and high in price. bout 
380 tons were purchased during the month, at .25 per ton In 
the stack. 






■ set. tngr, 





On lioveraber lot there were 60 employees under this 
office; on ITovember 30th there were 57. Below la riven a 
list of the number of various classes of employees serv 
under appointment, with general statement of the kind of wori: 
performed by each class: 

Office engineering. 

icaeral blacksmith .vork« 

1 Disbar sing Agent and purchas- 
ing clerk; 1 on orders, proposals, 
and vouchers; 1 stenographer, 
files and revenues; 1 on payrolls 
and timekeeping; 1 on cost account- 
ing snd in charge of storehouse. 

In charge of all transporta- 

1 in charge of power plant; 2 
assistants in power plant. 

In charge of tame buffalo herd. 

Assisting buffalo keeper. 

1 in charge of all engineer ing 
work in park under direction of 
uuperintendent; 1 in charge of 

In charge of construction crew. 

ork in eoamissary, rationing 
crews, otc. 

In charge of telephone system; 
did emergency work and installed 

atotnan at Headquarters. 

In charge of shops. 


Steward & faster 
.Vans -ortatloa 




Buffalo Keeper 


Asst. Bflo. Zpr. 




den. i-'oreman 


Vaster iseehanic 



1- lumber 


relegraoh Opr. 

telephone Opr. 



.work, .per formed. 

In oharge of auto ana truck repairB. 

In charge of general plumbing at 

In charge of general painting at 

telegraph operator and general 
office work. 

telephone switchboard operator. 

Itiscellaneous work: at Headquarters. 

In charge of stations; on duty In 
Chief Karver'a office; patrol duty; 
feeding wild aninals. 

In addition to the regular employees mentioned above, 
the following list of temporary laborers, teamsters, etc., were 


Special laborers 




on i:ot, gp. 

• 1 


leaves &£ absence * 
During iioverjber annual leave was granted as follows: 

■ i. Mac Sae, cleric, 10 to noon of 13, 3-V days. 
J. B. Small, general fore nan, 1 to noon of 6, *V days. 
A* H. Edwin, cleric, 17 to noon of 20; 3.V days* 
J. . Brooks, 38 t. Chief Hanger, 24 to 30; 5 days. 

George 1» Dustman, park ranger, 28 to 30; 2 days. 

illian '.. if, :1ns, plumber, 19 to 20 » 2 days* 

illiam A. Xelley, assistant buffalo keeper, noon 
» to 30, 3? days. 

Anno intonate . 

The following appointments became ef feetive durliic the 
aonth of November: 

■illlan A. Kelley, assistant buffalo keeper, ,900 per annum, 1st. 
Halph V. Earr, park ranger, v 1200 per annum, 1st. 
Farrell, watchman, ;900 per annum, 1st. 

M. Hen sen mi, park ranger, 1200 per annum, J. A. £., 3r*. 

£mmet !• Matthew, park ranger, ,12)0 per annum, f a A. E., 3rd. 
Hollls K. 'Jatthew, park ranger, ;i200 per annua, ff« A. B., 3rd. 
Clyde S. Koney, park Kanror, ,1200 per annum, ff« A. E., 4th. 

Separations . 

The following separations took effect during Kovsmber, 

John I. Cooper, auto meohanlo, olose of 4th. 
August C. Neumann, painter, olose of 30th. 

No Taoanioes existed in the re rular force at the olose 
of November. 

The present foroe of 57 employees, with a pay roll of 
about ^6, 500.00 monthly, is praotioally on a winter basis, and 
is about as small as it can be made without detriment to the 

W. A* £. appointments were received for nine rangers 
for next summer's service, with the understanding that they are 
not likely to be called into service before the opening of next 
tourist season. These are all men who wore employed last summer 
as temporary rangers and who gare exoellect satisfaction in that 


III. c 

(a) JteWtmUVS iil ^'^XVQ. Improvement n. 

Everything being on a winter basis, no construction 
work of any kind was attempted during the month. 

(b) jjmmt.tTVinftt && £a£§j£ Si -hyslcal JteEprtGsasi. 

So road maintenance was done during the month ef 
Hevember, with the exception of ireaoving the looao rocs 
from the Gardiner Csnyon road. 

Bse regular shop force Is e^eged in ^Isnla? all eyuip- 
laent tinder cove? and repairing sarae. One man is remodeling the 
interior of the frasae stable Ko. 47, Md plaetag 15 doors on the 
west side to accommodate the storage of 60 machines, as wagons, 
graders, trucks, etc. Bda o - la H •;'» corapletod. 

fta Marl fcsjj rapdji to Met cpariars occupied by 

Chief tasjjOT IMriia was completed mostly by regular employees. 
Jhe water system was remodeled b taopiug the main and bringing 
the water directly to the quarters instead ef through another 
house. A bath room with tub and toilet wars installed. I par- 
tition was moved and stairway changed and toprovod, and plaster- 
ing that was spoiled W replaced, aid paint touched ao where 
damage or new work occurred. 

(o) ^IsoeJlansKvas taprevffMBl wgrjfc. 

Sine snowshoe cabins in various parts of the park were 
supplied with rations and necessary blankets and cookia; utensils, 
for winter use. N accomplish this a boat waa used between lake 
Outlet a^l the Upper TellowBtoue for the cabins in the southeast 
comer, as the snow was too deep for pack animals. Rations for 
similar use were also placed In the ranger stations at 'orris. 
Canyon a-sd ttHHfrf which ^re not garrisoned in winter. 

Improyy 'frfltP, 1st Concessioners . 

The ? olio vat one Parte Camping Company withdrew most of 
its crews at the end of Oottber, and practically abandoned its ex- 
tensive construction and improvements at its osanps, until next 
spring, on account of the early setting in of winter. I small crew 
was retained under Evans at Koosevelt Camp, near Hwer Falls, 
getting out logs and making preparations for a new central build- 
ing there. 


-&£. Yellowstone ^.03% HfflfceJ, Qojrnqay oont issued work on 
its uaw dormitory for ;irls at 3rand Canyon until 'tovember 15th, 
ahen the ome wore svaaght ir> mi laftft off. ?ho Gliding ma 
entirely enoloood before being left; roof boards on bat not 

lfc£ yellowstonc MK ^MfPOrUMO-7 OowmS continued 
the work of laiproviag the cornice of one of the bl~ storage 
garages at iiac moth, and this ■MK was rswly completed at the end 
of the month. nother of the larjo storage buildings at iarrooth 
is being reiaodcled for r stop tadlAlsg for repairing automobiles, 
by addition of several windows on the west side, installing seven 
pits, necessary roaohinory, etc. rhlo work ic still in progress. 

Lechauioa are still St voVk overhaulirts: the his hlte 

orcrs uot-d by this 00*1 >a&y for trrjasportsAiMI tf tourists, and thay 
are also being painted. 

aeorge < hlttai cer is the only oonoess loner in the park 
vibo waa not ooaoletc" Lscourq ofl by btu oarlj A of 

winder. Be continued his a nsw 8W« at Grand 

on. The jil.Tas of his nor log bailcJlre Jvwe been approved, and 
In.' has uado igrasa in ce H» lo? walls are 

completed and the rafters and rocf boards MPt on. Fie still has 
men at wor : ^posoa to finish shiagllat: the roof before he 

stops, raaHsdj e difficulties ;*re likaty to be greater 

in getting- In with soy kind of transportation next spring than 
they are now. Ho still has heavy teams freighting his supplies 
in to (irand Canyon. Br* VThittokar has pat in most of his own time 
on this work. 

0. . --n lltoo finall;.- ain*;ed to get transportation to 
briisg his construction oror lu fiSM the Late, snd they arrived 
at tfaonoth oa 7!ovetr.ber l« ■>• Baatfltaa has loft the park for 
Che winter. 

% he >>rk gnrj»o •■ha p . Ml ■■*■»■ A*n» K. rjor and Elisa- 
beth Jricchman, o«morn of the talc Osf) and ioe oreara parlors at 
Haamoth, had some minor alterations and re airs made to their 
building, but did not finish them due to interference of cold 

(d) 3ervloe Jo. Jhe. ;ublio . 

As shown by tho inclosed copy of the Chief Haarer's 
Report, the travel into the pars during November was unimportant. 


2he total number was 4 in 2 automobiles frora the north. Ho 
ono ei»teraa aat, eeatL, ■>.? oaat entrances 

during the raonth. 

iv. MB B -iioaiiiisa. 

iho vrorS still ia progress by conoessioners Is in- 
dloatad ab07«, under : arcgraph III. 

.'he *oric of remodeling <&e la^ge woo&an stable, isme- 
diatoly south of the atone Diablo used us a nuohiae shop, is atill 
progreatiii% and it '.roait*eL> M Mia att excellent stoithouao for 
wagons, trailers, sksttl sWlMMf road graders, and other similar 
shipment, ok la oomple&ed »* that itfiny of the 

rehioloa and piaoes of maohlaoi.> M tm year a hem stored 

out-of-doors, bar* seen placed taaU I i U cxyoct*; taat 

. ..« and of i«c«afear. 

Jhe war 1 ? of wrl?4: fcM aMaftMMJ Ml c&hor storehouses 

frun the north to ti.« olfl "illitary storehouses at the south end 

,cie plw* , JWM during the , 1 be 

•auBietiid a 

tha MMi patrollln- t* 30 ^ ^ ths 

outaidet all -;i ^ 6o olk ^^ oth3a * wU * 

animals. fc>* ■ ** 

eenstant3y, every clay, including Oundsya. 

A T»tofc.-asn has *•« employed siace rovenber 1st and has 
made hour!/ patrols M night ae a safeguard againet fire among the 
■any buildings at Headauartcrs. 

Ha^jer MtMW MM eM*l in Mooting 

epeciuunc aid aMMTM, 0UTlu ^^ geo " 

l^ic.a tMslMM and ■ *»r ani-Tcls Mi Mrds were procured. 

iver the 
Informatics Oirimlar icr 1919. vlJ» to nalctag aoggestions 

for eorreotions far Ml nert edition. 


Ho new worte wee begun during the > aonth. 



Daring the month of Dece-nber It Is reposed to remodel 
an old wooden building located southeast of ths stone garage. 
Into sn adequate paint shop to replace the very small on* now in 
sn, Phis oan be aeoonplished V labor of the painter with 
littlo help from other regular employees. 

Remodel one end of a storehouse now in use as a grain 
shed, for use as an ioe house, and put up a year's supply of ioe 
prorlded It freezes thick enough to harvest before the end of the 

It is also proposed to continue the inportant work 
in progress of remodeling the old stable for a storehouse for 
vehicles and construction naohinaryj repairing machines, tools, 
equipment, wagons, ate., in the shops and garage; ohanglng the 
location of stores froa the houses at the north end to the new 
ones selected at the south and of the groundsi feeding hay to the 
elk tad other wild animals; also to buffalo and surplus horses 
at the Lamer aiver buffalo farm and on Plough Creek} and the most 
Important work of making regular patrols from stations, and special 
patrols en the north line near Gardiner where the hunters are 
congregated in considerable numbers* 


Bo new policies were adopted during the month. 

Cost reports for the month of Hevember ate inclosed. 
as will be noted, these monthly expenses eonslst principally of 
the salaries of regular enployeea on the loweat winter basis. 

1th our very large plant and lnige accumulation of 
property to care for, a smaller force would be entirely Inadequate 
to do the actual work necessary. She work of putting equipment in 
shape for another season serves to keep employed some of our raost 
valuable man, who would not care to rermln with the servloe were 
they employed only temporary, and aorae of It can be dene now to a 
amah better advantage than it could next spring. Just before the 
field work started. ?he unusual oonditkms of range, weather and 
hunting, neceasltatlag the feeding of large quantities of hay to 
the wild animals, throws a very large amount of work upo n the 
ranger force. Regular routing work, and catching up the work that 


naturally falls behind durtnr tho busy 

induced offioe foroo baa, fro-. 8,30 A. u. to 6 ( » P. K, daily 

exoept Sunday a. 

Oar entire force is reduced to the extent that those 
remaining are frequently sailed upon to perform neoessary work 
that 1* not at all in their line - for instance, the lineman drives 
a light truck hsrcl<"e supplies from the railroad throe tines a week; 
the office force keeps the furnace going daring tho day, sad took 
too hours off sad trashed and adjusted the stern windows reoently; 
the telegraph operator takes the -laeo of one of the telephone 
swltohbeard operators in addition to his telegraphic work» the 
general foreisui is doing the work of a carpenter in remodeling 
buildings, etc. 

I. . .).' ' : ::.: 

On account of the laok of forage on the range, and the 
exceptional winter conditions, the elk and deer continued to leave 
the park during November; the tans buffalo showed a very strong 
Xrr^r^ry to go to lower grounds and gave much trouble by breaking 
away from their range on Lamar River and drifting in to Harameth 
Hot Springs and Gardiner; and the whole tendency of all wild 
wi«.ii aaomsi to be to go down. As ttoe advances, and winter con- 
ditions still are rigorous, the absolute necessity for securing 
mere hay for the elk, deer, antelope and mountain shaep, is more 
apparent, .through the kindness of Mel offioials of the Hlll- 
I oClelland Cattle Corporation, which is a large and wealthy 
asmpany with heavy holdings in land, cattle, etc., in the Yellow- 
stone Valley Just north of the park, we did manage to procure 369 
tons additional of alfalfa hay in stack olose by enough to it can 
be hauled without baling, and were also able to allot about 100 
tons of the hay pat up on lough Creek for use of elk that hare 
drifted in there, so there are available over 1100 tons of hay 
for feeding game, less what has been fed to date, which relieves 
the situation to son extent. Bat still the prospects look poor 
for bringing through tho herds of elk we have begun to feed, and 
I aa convinced that 300 to 500 tons additional of alfalfa hay will 
to .Mjiiy n»ados before spring, v aether it can be prooured in the 
market, aad whsther funds can be procured by deficiency appropri- 
ation to buy it in case it oan be prooured, is a question. 

J&££aia, F lld herd , fio report was received of the *ild 
herd of buffalo during the month of November. 


herd . At the and of October this bard 
414 animal a. I three-year-old bull was ahl jped by ex- 
press to the City of It* Louis on November 19, under your authority 
dated ..e tonber 24, 1919, leering 413 animals now in the herd. 
Like the wild animals in the park, this hard has been T«ry uneasy 
since the bad weather began, and many of than here sneeeedod in 
breaking away from the ranje and farm several tines, and going 
north, BO to 40 of than landing at Maiiioth on aereral oooasiona. 
As the hay at the farm for winter use la none too plentiful for 
the large herd for a long winter, it was desirable to keep than 
on the grazing as late as possible, finally, on November 15th, 
the bulk of the hard was taken to Slough Creek, where hay was put 
up last sunner, and fed there until tho end of the month, so as 
to augment the supply at the farm which la now being utilised to 
feed them, -'he salves were separated from their mother and corralled 
at the fan where they are being fed hay* Klghty calves and seventy 
of the eows were fed, taking about 1500 peunds*ef hay a day. one 
of the bulls that broke away from the herd went as far as Crevice 
Uoun tain, and one of them even went to Gardiner and was found out- 
side of the park sad was returned to the herd. Sereral of the 
older animals are beeeming dangerous, and it will be necessary to 
kill them to prevent loss of life and property. I stray bull at 
lower Falls Station gored ths rang«r*s horse .juite serorely on 
Boveeber 3th. Another orod ene of our saddle horses at Mammoth 
a few days later. In both of theae oases the wounds were in the 
flesh only, and the horses recovered; but on sovember 16th one 
of the old team horses at the farm was gored by a ball ae badly 
that ha had to be killed at once to prevent suffering. Fortunately, 
this was « old sad unserviceable horss, and the loss was nil. 

Basra . The bears evidently all hibernated before the 
end of October, as there was no report of sny having been seen, 
nor of their depredations. 

Antelope . Oar small antolope herd, the most valuable 
of any of our suedes of wild animals, was most uneasy on account 
of the severe weather, and, like the elk, wanted to go down the 
river. But, fortunately, their range in winter Is almost entirely 
alone the high wire fence, and careful patrols were made daily, 
to keep the fence in repair so they would net escape. About 25 to 
SO ef them did succeed in getting on the outside of the fence early 
in leveaber, and it was several days before they oould be returned 
to the ark. They were fed hay separately from the alk, in a 
oorral prepared with ths idea that elk oould not get in, but the 
antelope being smaller can get u nd erne ath the fence which is left 
high enough from the {-round for this purpose. 3his oorral is 


located Just inside the park line fence, and about a utile west 
from Gardiner. About 250 antelope were fed during the month, the 
balance being scattered in the foothills between Means th and 
Sepulchre fountain, and on uount Everts. 

Boar . Jut deer remained seattered during the month. 
few «H't fed with the elk in the vicinity of Gardiner, and a few 
around the barsji at Headquarters, '.uite a number vera killed by 
hunters outside of the park. ?he open season in Montana expired 
with November 30* 

iilis. . ^he prediction that oar northern herd of elk, 
whioh for sereral years has numbered tmnty to thirty thousand 
and whioh is the largest and finest herd in the ,.orid, eould be in 
grave peril this winter due to shortage of grass on tie range, 
la being rapidly fulfilled, -iver since they oeme down to the 
winter range on account of the storm of October 22, they have been 
uneasy and hard to Tanage. hile we have nade every effort to 
bold these herds inside of the boundaries of the park, by feeding 
and herdix£ then back alori;.: the line in some oaeee, the facts 
are that jaany thousands have left the park to this date. 

Zhe utate of "'.on tana extended its open season in > ark 
County to an unreasonable extent (December 25) beoauso It happened 
teat tfcero was no bad weather to drive the tfk out or „l.c park 
so ac to isake good hunting, uutll after iho season closed last 
year, and but few got their winter's, meat. ITais fact, coupled 
with the early winter, has resulted In a slaughter that is only 
rivalled by the stories of the -eld t laws'' of the slaughter of 
buffalo on the plains la the early days. Heater e come in numbers 
en every dally train, and the outgoing trains ere loaded with 
hunters and dead elk, which are shipped by express and whleh have 
reonired extra <a*ra to handle nearly every day since the slaughter 
began, the latter part oi' October, fta residents of Gardiner and 
the ranchers for twenty miles down the Yellowstone Valley, are 
reaping a rich harvest, as trucks, automobiles, teams, and even 
saddle and pack aniiaals (for occasioaiilly a real sportaot-Ji comes 
along who is desirous of going to the mountains for his elk in- 
stead ef shooting it from an automobile) are in great demand for 
hauling hunters cut- and hauling elk oaroasses in to the depot. 
Crood taoney is also made boarding the hunters, and some of them 
even pay for a guide rather than to take a ohanoe of getting over 
the park line, or on the wrong side of the Yellowstone ftiver into 
the Montana State Game 1 reserve, i'he crowds are oomposed of sen 
of all types and professions - farmers, lawyers, dootors, merchants, 
eto., and frequently women h inters are also in the field. Some of 


then here to bo told vliiofc end of tho gun to losd, and the dlffer- t««8w«r ai. oik and 4*«»r; and the story baa recently been told, 
thoupf- r.ot ▼ouohed for, thit oiu* »an shot a stray mule, and had 
It sltinned ruid on* foot cat oIV before a kind -hearted neighbor 
cnat ad told WL.' if. I I elk. t poplar method of 

hurting is fcr & nuabar or husitar* to lie in wait until a band 
ef oik, ccuslstisg or mothers wi'.h laat year'* calves, spiXs balls, 
ssid occasionally in old ^tll *UL «&<*b, ooaes across She park line, 
than they surround the "ined of innoeent animal* whloh aro so t ame 
that they vill fella* a teem looking for hay, and shoot pronlecunully 
lito the Ipt"* 1 until Uifiy till dry;* or a ;!ew oonmtlao* yet way 
*aAly wounded., 'iher ea«U avmAor »;ho participate in the fusillade 
claims Mi eti, or two If he had paid for opooial license i'or the 
foeond one. I have not witnessed SMo wtraonaliy, bas hnvo been 
told of these T;attods ay two or tbi-ee people who o1*Ltd4 they had 
sown It. Chief Saagay 1'oBriAe ostisates that abont iiSoO oik hare 
tecr. killed along the north boundary since the season opened. 
Is taass hie ectl «te upon sueh data aa he can get froK the Express 

, ca4 other taioiroatliMi he otva pick up oong the maters, 
l-hat asey sit i;« woouied «ad uot tansu is eaorn by too met that 
about 50 hare toau kv.own to »t/a/ oaok to chair hone in the park 
and die, and of oourae there are probably eererel tines aa saany 
that bora not died, W **>t been fonnd. 

nmm ii i ml m eu **•!** ox &a. uss- *■* s *»*^ *•■* 

arden of Uemtana has eereral depntiea stationed in tho riain' 
of the heating grounds to see that the state i*rs are not violated, 
nan I understand has node a few urresfce far 'ill lug in the game 
ja-e*»rr», without proper llo«i4*>. **>* for other reasons Illegally. 
Bat foiluro to comply with She state laws is simply througfc lgnor- 
s»». M they are broad unough so en? one oaa gat an oik Jithin the 
law, tfltb but little difficulty, and 11 now look* aa if tho slaughter 
would fcjop a* until kbfl lea* day fcf the eaason. as she weather ••*- 
tLinns severe, sad oik are ItUl U »Uf tho park .ptlte frequently 
In eoteidorahlc JEiabcvs. 

Zhe United states /crest Serriee hae finally seoured its 
appropriation to gMM on its vork, and haa «**<> nrrai^er.U to 
eeVarlich irro or Ho« ittttM Sa e>l Ahaaroka ^^J"** 
with patrols orer tha territory where gaae la found, *lth a riew 
to enforcing the state **m* tews. District Korwster Katledge of 
Uisaonla, two of hi a aosiatanta. and the 3«P«*^»« ^l^Z ^ 
aaroka Ba» tonal roroet, apent aereral dairo on tho ground about the 
middle of tho aonth, working up this plan of protection and con- 
sidering the problem of oaring for the elk herds outside oft tho 


c, and other masters of his staff hare visited the district 
at different tines in the sane correction. I can see no reason 
why the elk should not he well , protected outside of the park 
after the open season is over, so far as their being hunted is 
concerned, hut this does not solve their question of food, which 
is the nest important this year. It is conceded that there is 
netting for them en the range outside, and X hare heard of no 
plans of the forest Service to purchase has for then. 

reading of hear tfO Sift and, ethas* ajflrfflillff fA t&Q ^fjffk. 
All the alfalfa hay available in stack near enough to the park so 
it ean he hauled without the expense of haling, has been pur- 
chased at sat a price of ^25 and ,26 per ton in stack. Also 131 tons 
of haled alfalfa was sought for the same purpose, at a cost of 
approximately *34 per ton, P. 0. 3. Gardiner. Qn Bovenber 22 
there was in all, including hay out in the park and reserved for 
game, and about a hundred tons left over from last year, a total 
of about 1165 tons for feeding elk, deer, antelope, and mountain 
sheep. Under normal weather conditions, it has not usually been 
found necessary to begin feeding hey at all until about December 
1st, but this year we were forded to begin in October, soon after 
the heavy snowstorm of the 20th, to hold the elk and antelope 
from leaving the park. It seems that even soma of those heing fed 
go out, far alfalfa hay has been found on several occasions in 
the stomachs of those killed outside. Daring Hovember the average 
daily feed was seven tons, or a total of about 210 tons fed to the 
herds in the vicinity of Gardiner, and this hay was heing taken 
by a total of about 250 antelope, and herds of elk totalling from 
three to five thousand head, varying on different days according 
to the condition of the weather. She feeding of this hay to the 
northern herd required the services of three teams and two trucks, 
most of the month. ?he labor was all performed by park rangers, 
including the driving of teams and trucks. In addition to this, 
eighteen hundred or two thousand elk drifted in to Upper Plough 
Creek, where hay waa vat up last summer, and 75 tons were fed to 
them there. Here the feeding was done by the teamster in charge 
ef our horse herd. 

these by no msans represent all of the elk remaining 
in the park. i*e rangers on Grevioe Kraatain report a band of 
about eight hundred still on Crevice Creek; there are still many 
on Blacktail and that part of the Yellowstone fiiver near the 
mouth of Blacktail, and several hundred In the vicinity of Ka-rmoth. 
It is apparent that the feeding of hay has bsen successful in 
holding* thus far quite as many elk as we ean provide hay for this 
winter. 2he great question is, have we on hand or can we procure 
If needed, sufficient hay to feed what we bare managed to retain? 


it needed will of course depend largely upon the severity 
of the winter, dat all records are being broken for oold and snow, 
and It nee eeeme almost lnerltable that more hay will be badly 
seeded before spring, and In ay opinion every effort should be 
mde to try and get hold of fro- 200 to 500 tons additional of 
alfalfa, as the nearby market Is exhausted, this will hare to be 
baled and shipped in from some distance, and I am still making, 
and shall continue to make, inquiries as to a source of snpply, 
with a Tlew to asking for additional deficiency funds If the hay 
can be preeored. 

Oallatln herd, of ..Isl . from best Information obtainable 
be date, the hunters woo went to the locality near the northwest 
oerner of the perk to do their hunting were none too successful, 
tfieugh It Is understood a few - possibly a hundred - got their elk. 
Bat meet hunters nowadays travel In automobiles, and the otorm of 
October 22d filled the roads to the .est Oallatln so thoss already 
there had much difficulty and expense getting out through the 
drifts, and but few went In after that tine, tfren the residents 
of Gallatin County found It surer and eheaper to oome to Oar diner 
by rail for their elk, where they were certain of getting one 
with but little trouble and expense. This same storm drove 
practically all ef the small Oallatln herd out of the park, and 
it is now on the regular winter range down the Oallatln, which I 
■a Informed Is geed compared to most other ranges. The open 
on the est Oallatln closed at the end of October. 

Southern jlk herd . Information from Jackson Hole early 
in lovember Indicated that the elk were already on the feeding 
grounds, and that the situation looked even weree than It doss at 
this end of the park. Mr. D. C. Nowlln, the representatiTO of the 
United states Blologloal Survey, «fco is in charge of the farm 
raising hay for feeding elk, states that the migration of elk to 
winter feeding grounds was the earliest he had ever known. The 
few reports reoelved indicate that but few elk were killed by 
hunters In Jackson Role during the open season. 

Co this date it can hardly be said that our elk have 
suffered for went of food, and what we have retained are in ex- 
cellent condition. Those contemplating trans > lent lag them to 
other ranges, or securing the-n for publio parks, have been urged 
to make a r ra n g ements to do so at the earliest practicable date, 
so as to got them while they are in good eondition, and also to 
conserve what forage we have for the remainder. 

drift of elk from the northern herd was noted 


early in November. Several hundred elk oarae Into the park down 
the Cooke City road, and Inquiry revealed the foot that they had 
entered thin road fro™ the south, within a mile or two of the 
park line, and it is believed that they were a part of the herd 
that summers in the mountains east of the park, and usually return 
to their winter feeding ground in the park down Cache Creek; but 
they had been cut off from their usual passes by the early storms 
and were seeking their winter feeding ground by a more circuitous 
route. 9M result was of course, that the few residents of Cooke 
City got their winter meat with very little difficulty, but there 
was no evidence of any violation of law, and the slaughter was 
not large. I'ost of these elk found their way into the park and 
are still in the vicinity of 3oda Butte and the northeast corner. 

Hsmntain #)eeo . a few mountain sheep were seen daily 
in the canyon between Headquarters and the north boundary. Jhey 
are in excellent condition. 

-oose . Reports from Biverside and Sallatin stations 
indicate a fair increase in the number of noose seen. 

Carnivorous aaiiaals . Several reports have been received 
of the presence of wolves, and coyotes are seen and heaid daily 
wherever there is any game. But up to this time the extra work 
of patrolling the >ark lines and feeding the elk have seemed more 
important than anything else, and no rangers were available to 
hunt o&raivorous animals. 

Srajda g. 

iiraz ing has been fairly good on Blacktail and in the 
vicinity of Headquarters, and suoh elk and deer as have remained 
on these ranges have seemed to get enough to eat. Ko domestic 
stock except a few of our surplus horses, were grased in the park 
during November. 

uite a few varieties of .'inter birds are in evidence. 
An unusual number of ducks have been noted as wintering on Gardiner 
Biver below the mouth of Boiling Iiiver, and some of the other 
warm pools in the vicinity of Headquarters. 


Che only fishing Indulged in was in Gardiner Kiver, by 
a few of our residents, who occasionally succeeded in lan di n g a 


few trout. 

TQftoUflfl ax 

In addition to the regular winter petrols from all 
perk stations, epeolal lntenalre petrols hare keen necessary 
during the month for several miles along the north line of the 
park near the northern entrance, where the slaughter of elk Is 
gelng on outside. Several arrests war* name as a result, of 
parties not familiar with the country, who were either misin- 
formed as to the location of the park line, or cere oareleee of it. 

■Jrests and vlolnt ions of the Law . 

Arrests sy the ranger forae, with result of trials 
before the United states Corrdssioner, ware as follows: 

November 10. Chief . arrrer oBride arrested B. C. 
Bedlioh, of Butte, "ontana, hunting in the park* He plead guilty 
to the oharge before the United states Commissioner, and paid his 
fine of ,25 and oosts. 

Hovember 26. Kanger Bert Reeee arrested Louis Larson 
and I'arvey Halverson, both of apelfja, itontana, for killing an 
elk in the park. ?hey plead guilty and were fined ,50 each sad 
oosts, and made to forfeit their rifles to the United states. 

Sovember 13. Hanger Bert Reese arrested Gilbert ^gli, 
of Bgal, Montana, hunting in the park* He plead guilty and was 
fined $25 and oosts, which be paid. 

forest /lr OB . 

lo fires of any sort happened in the park during the 

month of 

Bo special visitors ware seen during the month, except 
two Montana Deputy Same ardens, and two forest rangers on another 
occasion, all of whom wore interested in co-operation in the pro- 
tection of gome outside of the park. 

ioture shows wore held every Saturday night, beginning 
Hovenbor 15, at the oat ;xcharr?e, under oo-cperative arrangements 
botween the regular park residents and the residents of Oardiner. 


Church servicos .rere held every Juodsy In the Chapel. 

Mr. Horace J?. Albright, the I arte superintendent, has 
been absent from the park since Love nber 9, on duty at the 
national . arlcs Conference In Denver, and since in ashing ton, 0. 0. 

x. uoqixpts aid wanvuMm, 

She usual report of jinnies collected, due and trans- 
mitted, together with aonoy orders and checks totaling „38.45, 
as called for by fonts 10-59 and 10-60, is inclosed. lease 
rledge receipt. 

There is also inclosed a copy of the monthly : eteoro- 
loglcal Jurnary for the month of Uovember. 

Cordially yours, 

oDtma a 

acting Juperintendent. 
(In duplicate)